Articles Under Review
Chantal A. Hailey. Racialized Prisms and Perceptions: New Experimental Evidence on Families’ School Preferences
Social scientists continue to debate whether families’ avoidance of schools with higher fractions of racial outgroups results from racial animus (a pure race explanation) or their use of racial demographics as a heuristic for school characteristics (a racial proxy explanation). In this article, I propose a new explanation for these patterns. I argue that racial segregation persists, in part, because families perceive school characteristics through a racial prism, whereby their racial biases, awareness of cultural stereotypes, and racial contexts contribute to racialized perceptions of identical schools. To explore this theory, I conduct an experiment with a racially diverse sample of 900 students and parents currently choosing schools, and externally validate these findings by analyzing school application data from the same city. Families provide their perceptions of, and willingness to attend, hypothetical schools that vary in racial composition, academic outcomes, and safety ratings. I find families interpret the same data differently depending on schools’ racial demographics. These racialized perceptions contribute to the effects of school race on families’ preferences. The racial prism concept demonstrates why efforts to improve school quality alone are unlikely to increase integration, and points to the importance of racialized perceptions in explaining the persistence of racial segregation.
Peer Reviewed Journal Articles
Sattin-Bajaj, Carolyn, Jennifer Jennings, Sean Patrick Corcoran, Elizabeth Christine Baker-Smith, Chantal A. Hailey. 2018. “Surviving at the Street-Level: How Counselors’ Implementation of School Choice Policy Shapes Students’ High School Destinations.” Sociology of Education 91(1): 46–71.
Popkin, Susan, Janine Zweig, Nan Astone, Reed Jordan, Chantal A. Hailey, Leah Gordon, and Jay Silverman. 2016. “Coercive Sexual Environments: Exploring the Linkages to Mental Health in Public Housing.” Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research 18(1): 163-182.
Popkin, Susan, Chantal A. Hailey, Janine Zweig, Nan Astone, Reed Jordan, Leah Gordon, and Jay Silverman. 2016. “Coercive Sexual Environments: Development and Validation of a Scale.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence: 1-23.
Research Reports and Book Reviews
Hailey, Chantal A. 2018. “Book Review of Live and Let Live: Diversity, Conflict, and Community in an Integrated Neighborhood by Evelyn M. Perry.” City & Community 17:529-531.
The Urban Institute and MDRC. 2015. “Choice Neighborhoods: Baseline Conditions and Early Progress.” U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Washington, DC.
Hailey, Chantal and Priya Saxena. 2014. “HOST —Helping Families, Building Community.” Washington, DC.: Urban Institute.
The Urban Institute. 2013. “Developing Choice Neighborhoods: An Early Look at Implementation in Five Sites.” U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Washington, DC.
Popkin, Susan J., Megan Gallagher, Chantal Hailey, Elizabeth Davies, Larry Buron and Christopher Hayes. 2013. “CHA Residents and the Plan for Transformation.” Washington, DC.: Urban Institute
Buron, Larry, Christopher Hayes and Chantal Hailey. 2013. “An Improved Living Environment, but…” Washington, DC.: Urban Institute
Hailey, Chantal and Megan Gallagher. 2013. “Chronic Violence: Beyond the Developments.” Washington, DC.: Urban Institute
Popkin, Susan J., Jennifer Comey, Molly M. Scott, Elsa Falkenburger, Chantal Hailey and Amanda Mireles. 2012. “DC Promise Neighborhood Initiative: Needs Assessment and Segmentation Analysis.” Washington, DC.: Urban Institute
Hailey, Chantal. 2011. “Influences on School Choice for Relocated HOPE VI Residents” Howard University College of Arts and Science Senior Theses.
Winner, Howard University College of Arts and Science Top Social Science Senior Thesis
Hailey, Chantal. 2010. “Education of Children Relocated Through HOPE VI: Madden/Wells.” Urban Institute Academy, Class of 2010 – No. 1. Washington, DC.: Urban Institute
Hailey, Chantal. 2009. “HOPE VI: The Contribution of Community and Supportive Service Program to Residents’ Self-Sufficiency at East Capitol Dwellings.” Howard Ronald E. McNair Post Baccalaureate Achievement Scholar Journal.
Research Blogs and Magazines
Hailey, Chantal. 2013. “Helping families thrive: Lessons from Chicago’s public housing transformation.” Urban Wire, June 13, 2013.
Hailey, Chantal. 2013. Lessons from Chicago’s Public Housing Transformation. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development PD&R Edge: An Online Magazine.
Hailey, Chantal. 2013. “The Devastating Impact of Persistent Crime on Teens.” CityLab, March 14, 2013.